ECTS is a learner-centred system for credit accumulation and transfer based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes. It aims to facilitate planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of qualifications and units of learning as well as student mobility. ECTS is widely used in formal higher education and can be applied to other lifelong learning activities.
ECTS credits are based on the workload students need in order to achieve expected learning outcomes. Learning outcomes describe what a learner is expected to know, understand and be able to do after successful completion of a process of learning. They relate to level descriptors in national and European qualifications frameworks.
Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, self-study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.
All courses and programmes are measured in credits, i.e. according to the ECTS. Thus, students can easily compare courses and programmes given by different universities, the mobility is enhanced and your achievements are easily compared.
- One ECTS credit is the equivalent of approximately 25-30 hours of study.
- 60 ECTS credits are equal to the workload of a full-time student during one academic year.
ECTS credits for exchange studies
All the credits that exchange students earn during the mobility period at one of BTH partner universities and that were approved in the Learning Agreement before the mobility started, are recognized by BTH and recorded in our database, as well as included in the Diploma Supplement.
BTH has been awarded the ECTS label and the DS label
In October 2011 BTH has been awarded the ECTS label and the DS label, recognitions of quality in the European Higher Education Area.
ECTS Label is an honorary distinction demonstrating excellence in applying ECTS, both in terms of information published on the institution's website and in terms of key ECTS documents for student mobility.
The Diploma Supplement (DS) Label is an honorary distinction showing that the institution issues the Diploma Supplement correctly in all respects.
Use of ECTS credits
Credits are allocated to entire qualifications or study programmes as well as to their educational components
(such as modules, course units, dissertation work, work placements and laboratory work). The number of credits ascribed to each component is based on its weight in terms of the workload students need in order to achieve the learning outcomes in a formal context.
Credits awarded in one programme may be transferred into another programme, offered by the same or another institution. This transfer can only take place if the degree-awarding institution recognizes the credits and the associated learning outcomes. Partner institutions should agree in advance on the recognition of periods of study abroad.
Credit transfer and accumulation are facilitated by the use of the ECTS key documents (Course Catalogue, Student Application Form, Learning Agreement and Transcript of Records) as well as the Diploma Supplement.