4. The Reductionism Thinking (Late of 18 Century):
Reductionism argues that from scientific theories which explain phenomena on one level, explanations for a higher level can be deducted. Reality and our experience can be reduced to a number of indivisible basic elements. Qualitative properties are possible to reduce to quantitative ones.
Some Basic metaphysical presumptions:
The nature is predictable: The same laws of nature are valid in all parts of the universe.
The nature is neither capricious nor secretive, so the reality is knowable: All aspects of nature are in principle possible to reveal, and dissimilar results in experiment are attributed to human deficiency or deception.
The nature is computational reversibility: Given all necessary knowledge, it is possible to calculate what happened in previous instance.
Chapter 1: The History of GST