5. The Relativity Theory and Quantum Mechanics
(The beginning of 19 century)
Two fatal blows to determinism:
Albert Einstein (1879-1955)’s Relativity Theory:
An event is defined with four numbers: three for the position in space and one for time. Time and space do not exist separately, e.g., when a star is observed at a distance of one hundred light-years, the star is not only this far away in space but it is also observed as it was one hundred years ago.
Niels Bohr (1885-1962)’s Quantum Theory (Complementarity principle): An experiment on one aspect of a system destroys the possibility of learning about a complementary aspect of the same system.
Chapter 1: The History of GST