6 . The Rise of General Systems Theory (1950s)
System thinking is a response to the failure of mechanistic thinking in the attempt to explain social and biological phenomena in the 50s (e.g., traffic systems, environmental disasters, nuclear threat, drug abuse and AIDS, politic and war, etc.).
The goal of GST can be specified as follows:
To formulate generalised systems theories including theories of systems dynamics, goal-oriented behaviour, historical development, hierarchic structure, and control process.
To work out a methodological way of describing the functioning and behaviour of systems objects
To elaborate generalised models of all kinds of systems (Law of laws), make possible the transfer of simplified conceptual models from one field to another, no longer be necessary to duplicate or triplicate the discovery of the same principle in different fields isolated from each other
Chapter 1: The History of GST