Each level of integration resolves the contradictions of the levels below and so removes the errors that were most serious there. Each level brings about an improvement of judgement. Each level exhibits more truth through higher integration of the facts.
All laws of nature are of a statistical nature. They are statements about the average behaviour of collectives. Science as a whole appears as a hierarchy of statistics. At the first level is the statistics of macrophysics .. A second level is constituted by the laws of macrophysics.... A still higher level is represented by the biological realm .. Finally there are the laws that apply to the supra-individual units of life... laws of this kind are the basis for insurance statistics, and hence are the great practical and commercial importance