Distribution of personality, individual characteristics and internet usage in Swedish older adults

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Jessica Berner, Mikael Rennemark, Claes Jogréus, Johan Berglund
Title: Distribution of personality, individual characteristics and internet usage in Swedish older adults
Translated title: Personlighet, individuella karakteristik och internet användning i äldre svenskar
Journal: Aging and Mental Health
Year: 2012
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
Pagination: 119-126
ISSN: 1360-7863
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
URI/DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2011.602958
ISI number: 000301535800012
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Engineering - Dept. of Mathematics & Natural Sciences, School of Health Science (Sektionen för ingenjörsvetenskap - Avd.för matematik och naturvetenskap, Sektionen för hälsa)
School of Engineering S-371 79 Karlskrona, School of Health Science S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
http://www.bth.se/ing/; http://www.bth.se/hal/
Authors e-mail: jessica.berner@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: Objectives: This paper investigated factors associated with internet usage in the Swedish older adults ranging in age from 60 to 96. Personality traits and individual characteristics have been previously noted to influence internet usage, where older adults have not been the focus population. In this study the relationships between personality, individual characteristics and internet usage were investigated. Methods: A descriptive analysis of the personality tests of a total of 1402 subjects included in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care (SNAC) was conducted. Three variables were controlled for: sex, age and education. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests, chi square tests and a logistic regression were used in order to detect the relationships with internet usage. Results: Men differ significantly from women in the personality traits analysis. Those with higher education were more open and neuroticism was lower in the oldest older adults. Internet usage declined significantly with age and those with middle to higher education were using the internet the most. No other associations with internet use were found Conclusion: Personality traits and individual characteristics do not seem to influence the Swedish older adult and their internet usage. What one needs to account for is the age and education of the person. The more educated and the youngest cohorts were using the internet more frequently.
Summary in Swedish: Både personlighet och individuella karakteristik har ingen inflyta på äldres internet användning. Ålder och utbildning har det.
Subject: Psychology\General
Public Health\General
Computer Science\General
Keywords: third and fourth age, internet usage, sense of coherence, five factor model, life satisfaction