Non-Compliance with On-Site Data Collection in Outdoor Recreation Monitoring

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Peter Fredman, Ulla Romild, Lars Emmelin, Michael Yuan
Title: Non-Compliance with On-Site Data Collection in Outdoor Recreation Monitoring
Journal: Visitor Studies
Year: 2009
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Pagination: 164 - 181
ISSN: 1064-5578
Publisher: Routledge
URI/DOI: 10.1080/10645570903203471
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Planning and Media Design (Sektionen för planering och mediedesign)
School of Planning and Media Design S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Language: English
Abstract: A wide range of methods exists for on-site visitor monitoring in parks and recreation areas. Self-registration methods have proven to be popular because of their low cost and relative ease of administration, but little is known about the extent to which the data collected from self-registration boxes are representative of the population of visitors, and the degree that bias exists as a result of non-compliance. This article examines these concerns based on research at Fulufjaumlllet National Park in Sweden. On-site registration card and follow-up mail survey data from a sample of visitors who did not voluntarily register were compared with the same kind of data for visitors who did register voluntarily. In total, 10 registration card items and 284 mail survey items were tested for variations between compliant and non-compliant visitors. Of these, one third of the card items, 12% and 3% of the survey items for Swedish and German visitors, respectively, yielded statistically significant differences. Implications for management and suggestions for further research are discussed.
Subject: Spatial Planning\Environmental Assessment
Spatial Planning\Tourism