How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Stefan Renvert, Ioannis Polyzois, Noel Claffey
Title: How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?
Journal: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Year: 2011
Volume: 38
Issue: 11
Pagination: 214-222
ISSN: 0303-6979
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
URI/DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01661.x
ISI number: 000287402800021
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Health Science (Sektionen för hälsa)
School of Health Science S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
http://www.bth.se/hal/
Language: English
Abstract: To review the literature on how implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease.
Material and Methods
A search of PubMed and The Cochrane Library of the Cochrane Collaboration (CENTRAL) as well as a hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to March 2010 were included.
Results
Thirteen studies were selected for the review. Human studies: To date, few studies have investigated if such differences occur. Limited data suggest that smooth surfaces may be less affected by peri-implantitis than rough surface implants. Animal studies: In ligature-induced peri-implantitis studies, no difference between surfaces has been reported. In a spontaneous progression model of peri-implantitis, there was a suggestion that the progression was more pronounced at implants with a porous anodized surface.
Conclusion
The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on how implant surfaces influence peri-implant disease. Based on the limited data available, there is no evidence that implant surface characteristics can have a significant effect on the initiation of peri-implantitis.
Subject: Medical Sciences
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