Four-Dimensional Discretization for Detection of Moving Objects in Wide Band SAR

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Mats Pettersson
Title: Four-Dimensional Discretization for Detection of Moving Objects in Wide Band SAR
Conference name: European Radar Conference (EuRAD)
Year: 2007
Publisher: IEEE
City: Munich, Germany
ISI number: 000255503800021
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Engineering - Dept. of Signal Processing (Sektionen för teknik – avd. för signalbehandling)
School of Engineering S- 372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
http://www.tek.bth.se/
Authors e-mail: mats.pettersson@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: This paper addresses four-dimensional Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI) using a multi-channel Wide Band (WB) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system. With no
acceleration attached to the target the motion of the target is related to two ground and two speed coordinates. However, four other dimensions are used in WB SAR GMTI processing during the detection phase: azimuth, range, bearing, and the relative speed between the object and the SAR platform. In the detection phase, blind hypotheses are used, and the discretization steps between the hypotheses are a trade-off between the number of hypotheses tested and detectability. As the integration angle increases, the step size in the image dimensions and in the relative speed has to be reduced. In this paper we determine the discretization step in all four dimensions for moving target detection, and relate it to radar system parameters. The discretization is derived from the moving target impulse response, assuming independency between the dimensions. In the paper the number of
hypotheses per square meter is given for an airborne low frequency and a microwave GMTI WB SAR system.
Subject: Signal Processing\Beamforming
Signal Processing\Detection and Classification
Signal Processing\Radar and Sonar
Keywords: Signal Processing, SAR, GMTI, Detection
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