Techno-Economic Analysis of UMTS900 and UMTS2100 for Rural Connectivity in Tanzania

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Fatuma Simba, Lena Trojer, Nerey Mvungi, Bakari Mwinyiwiwa, Emmanuel Mjema
Title: Techno-Economic Analysis of UMTS900 and UMTS2100 for Rural Connectivity in Tanzania
Conference name: 14th IEEE International Conference on Communication Technology (ICCT)
Year: 2012
Pagination: 10 - 15
Publisher: IEEE
City: Chengdu, China
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Planning and Media Design (Sektionen för planering och mediedesign)
School of Planning and Media Design S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:
Language: English
Abstract: Most rural areas of the developing countries lack Information and Communication (ICT) infrastructures such as access network (last mile connectivity) to deliver ICT services. The lack of connectivity is due to high cost associated with implementing ICT infrastructures. Wireless technologies are envisioned as candidates for rural connectivity. They are not only easier and faster to deploy but also cheaper than the wired technologies. This paper presents a techno-economic analysis of two wireless mobile technologies in Tanzania called third generation (3G) implemented at 900MHz and at 2100MHz frequency bands. Objectives of techno-economic analysis are to investigate economic feasibility and to determine a cost effective option between the two connectivity options. Results show that 3G at 900HMz is a feasible and cost effective connectivity technology in Tanzania. These results can be generalized to other developing countries, since their rural areas pose similar characteristics with regard to ICT infrastructure development.
Subject: Technoscience Studies\ICT for Development
Keywords: access network, developing countries, rural, Techno-economic, UMTS