Design of antenna array using dual nested complex approximation

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Mattias Dahl, To Tran, Ingvar Claesson, Sven Nordebo
Title: Design of antenna array using dual nested complex approximation
Conference name: 7th International Symposium on Digital Signal Processing for Communication Systems
Year: 2005
Volume: 27
Pagination: 183-196
ISBN: 0-387-22847-0
Publisher: SPRINGER
City: Coolangatta, AUSTRALIA
ISI number: 000226081100015
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Engineering - Dept. of Signal Processing (Sektionen för teknik – avd. för signalbehandling)
School of Engineering S- 372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:,,
Language: English
Abstract: This paper presents a new practical approach to complex Chebyshev approximation by semi-infinite linear programming. By the new front-end technique, the associated semi-infinite linear programming problem is solved exploiting the finiteness of the related Lagrange multipliers by adapting finite-dimensional linear programming to the dual semi-infinite problem, and thereby taking advantage of the numerical siability and efficiency of conventional linear programming software packages. Furthermore, the optimization procedure is simple to describe theoretically and straightforward to implement in computer coding. The new design technique is therefore. highly accessible. The algorithm is formally introduced as the linear Dual Nested Complex Approximation (DNCA) algorithm. The DNCA algorithm is versatile and can be applied to a variety of applications such as narrow-band as well as broad-band beamformers with any geometry, conventional Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters, analog and digital Laguerre networks. and digital FIR equalizers. The proposed optimization technique is applied to several numerical examples dealing with the design of a narrow-band base-station antenna array for mobile communication.
Subject: Signal Processing\Filter Design
Keywords: antenna array design, Dual Nested Complex Approximation, DNCA, optimization, semi-infinite linear program, real rotation theorem, Chebyshev approximation