Focus Group Discussion in Developing Tanzania Secondary Schools e-Learning (TanSSe-L) System

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Ellen Kalinga, Burchard Bagile, Lena Trojer
Title: Focus Group Discussion in Developing Tanzania Secondary Schools e-Learning (TanSSe-L) System
Conference name: 9th International Conference on Education and Information Systems, Technologies and Applications EISTA
Year: 2011
Publisher: International Institute of Informatics and Systemics
City: Orlando, Florida, USA
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Planning and Media Design (Sektionen för planering och mediedesign)
School of Planning and Media Design S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:
Language: English
Abstract: The knowledge on how ICT and its application can improve the social and economic lives of people generally is very limited in many communities of developing countries, Tanzania being among them. Although many people may have and be in contact with computers, does not mean that they really understand the impact that ICT if used effectively could have on improving performance. Developing computer systems for people to use, if lack of knowledge is not carefully considered, the motivation to use the system may be very minimal or completely absent. The emphasis on participatory action research methodology is that the introduction of technology into organizations accompanies learning and generates a specific form of knowledge.
Finding appropriate system requirements depends on how close the developer is to the system users or stakeholders. Focus group discussion as inspired by the qualitative and participatory action research methodologies is the key to being close to users. This paper presents how focus group discussion was employed during developing Tanzania Secondary Schools e-Learning (TanSSe-L) system, specifically during requirement specification and analysis phase. It shows the importance of involving users while developing contextual information systems for a specific purpose. It also shows how secondary school stakeholders were made closer to the process of TanSSe-l System development, together with users’ response to reveal real problems in Tanzania education system.
Subject: Technoscience Studies\ICT for Development
Keywords: Participatory Action Research Methodology, Focus Group Discussion, Requirement Specifications, TanSSe-L, ICT, e-Learning, Tanzania Secondary Schools, Triple Helix Model, Mode 2