Christina Andrén; Karim Hammami , pp. 25. HAL/Sektionen för hälsa, 2011.
Background: Anxiety because of lack in organization and management skills, fear of legal disputes and the possibility of losing their professional registration is real concerns of nurses in the immediate period of post-qualification. Many of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as South Africa, are facing severe shortages of skilled health staff. One of the most important factors is the exodus of health care staff, which is largely a symptom of other health system deficits.
Aim: To determine the experiences of newly qualified nurses of University of Limpopo, Turfloop Campus executing mandatory community services in Limpopo Province, South Africa.
Method: Seven participants were recruited for individual interviews in this study. The qualitative conducted individual interviews were analysed using a content analysis in four steps inspired by Burnard (1996).
Result: The most revealing results were the many factors leading to a lot of distress to the nurse staff, which is a strong influence to the abandonment of the profession. These factors are all in turn consequences of the lack of financial resources put in to the health care system in South Africa. These include low salary, lack of material resources, shortage of the staff and lack of organisation of management. The balance between education, work situation and compensation seems to be flawed.
Conclusion: The nursing education did not meet up to the requirements regarding the preparation for the nurses. Mandatory community service does not dissolve the main issues of abandonment. The salary seems to be the critical factor leading to abandonment of the nursing profession.