Peter Tomtlund , pp. 75. DSN/School of Planning and Media Design, 2012.
This study examines on both a general and a
detailed level how personal orientation can be improved in underground pedestrian systems (UPS), making it easier to get direction to one’s desired destination. Previous studies have focused on either analyzing certain limited aspects of orientation in other indoor facilities such as hospitals, shopping malls etc., or analyzing from a more general perspective creating concepts of orientation. For this study, a literature review about orientation and UPS in general was combined with questionnaires, observations and surveys conducted at the case study of an intensively used UPS at Xin Jie Kou in Nanjing, China. The outcomes of all used methods were subsequently analyzed both independently and all together. Based on this analysis, a set of general design guidelines was established and these guidelines were concretized and used to make a design proposal for the case study in order to show how the general design guidelines can be applied into reality. Results give that UPS configuration (the basic architectural layout) is most important for benefitting orientation followed by signage, legibility and verbal aid. Results indicate that it would be possible to enhance orientation by systematic application of principles found in literature and explored in investigations of behavior on the site.
Time and resource limitations made it not possible to further evaluate the redesign scheme by confronting citizens with the proposal, or to do a full scale experiment with signage.