Karin Telldén; Ulrika Hellsten , pp. 131. TKS/Fysisk planering, 2006.
Our project takes place in Motherwell, a former township and suburb located 20 km from the city centre of Port Elizabeth in the metropolitan area that constitute Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality. Motherwell Township was
planned and built during the 1980s as an isolated residential area for black people. The location and the segregated physical structure within the area was a result of apartheid politics. Today the area is flat and featureless with a number of sites, for example school sites, which remain undeveloped resulting in very low density. Density in the area must be increased to create a critical mass and make it possible to provide public facilities and transportations. Our main focus has been to develop proposals in order to increase density,improve accessibility within the area and to surroundings,improve the conditions for pedestrians and create well defined usable public spaces.
Information about the planning conditions was gathered
during our three months stay in Port Elizabeth, through
municipal documents and inventory of the project area. As a
theoretical background and analyse methods we used, the
City Structure analysis by Kevin Lynch, a Space syntax
analysis provided by the municipality and the book “Life
between buildings- Using Public Space” by Jan Gehl. Our
inventory and the theoretical background led to the
formulation of three guiding principles for our proposals;
densification, accessibility and public space for public use.
The proposal is made at two levels, an overall structure of land use and detailed proposals of high density residential and development of nodes-local centres.
In the overall structure we propose a grid structure on the
vacant land next to Motherwell Town Centre which will be a
dense area; primarily for residential purposes, but public
functions will also be integrated in the area. To densify the Neighbourhood Units we propose; infill housing on
undeveloped school sites and public places, and multilevel
houses with mixed use in local centres- nodes. New
pedestrian links and design interventions on streets in the
existing residential area connected to the new part will lead to a higher accessibility and a more pleasant street environment. Improvements in the overall structure of public space are suggested through developing existing spaces and adding several new ones within the new residential area. Some of these will be connected to “Green links”, which are pedestrian
and bicycle lanes planned to function not only for
transportation, they also aim to fulfil recreational purposes. A structure of high density blocks with dwellings, public space and facilities and design principles for a node- local centre with mixed use are presented in our individual parts of the project. A proposal of high density residential is made by
Karin Telldén and proposals for nodes- local centres are made by Ulrika Hellsten.