Mubbashar Altaf Khan; Sohaib Ahmad MEE08-16, pp. 65. TEK/avd. för telekommunikationssystem, 2008.
Spectrum scarcity is one of the biggest challenges that the modern world is facing. The efficient use of available licensed spectrum is becoming more and more critical with increasing demand and usage of the radio spectrum. Different researches show that the usage is not uniform throughout the licensed spectrum rather it is heavy in certain parts of the spectrum and has portions that are utilized inefficiently. Some researchers even claim that more than 70% of the licensed frequency band is not in use, most of the time. So, there is much room for work yet in the unutilized parts or the inefficiently utilized parts of the spectrum, to overcome the spectrum scarcity problem.
Different researches are in progress and ways are being found to efficiently utilize the available licensed spectrum. One of the ways is the use of “Cognitive Radio”, according to this; the already licensed spectrum can be used more efficiently by introducing artificial intelligence, the decision-making to be specific, in the radio. This enables the radio to learn from its environment, considering certain parameters. Based on this knowledge the radio can actively exploit the possible empty frequencies in the licensed band of the spectrum that can then be assigned to other processes in such a way that they don’t cause any interference to the frequency band that is already in use. This makes the efficient usage of the available licensed spectrum possible.
The users that are allocated the licensed frequency bands of the spectrum are the primary users and the users that are allocated the empty frequencies within the licensed frequency band, according to their requested QoS specifications, are known as the secondary users or the cognitive users. They are called as the secondary users as they utilize the unused spectrum resources only, on non-interfering basis, with the primary users.
This thesis will focus on the implementation of different spectrum allocation techniques for these secondary users, based on Genetic Algorithms and an evaluation of the performance of these techniques using Matlab coding.
This research will focus on the decision-making process mainly, with an assumption that the radio environment has already been sensed and the QoS requirements for the application have been specified either by the sensed radio environment or by the secondary user itself.