Martin Fredriksson , pp. 47. Dept. of Computer Science and Business Administration, 1998.
Active Documents is a technique for automating the handling
and control of documents by making them a combination of
service providers (mobile agents) and resources (compound
documents) in the form of autonomous agents. The main focus
of this solution is to provide an encapsulation of
documents, including their data structures and related
functionality, but also to enable documents to reflect upon
themselves in respect of their computational environment,
and take actions accordingly.