How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?
|Document type:||Journal Articles|
|Article type:||Original article|
|Author(s):||Stefan Renvert, Ioannis Polyzois, Noel Claffey|
|Title:||How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?|
|Journal:||Journal of Clinical Periodontology|
|Organization:||Blekinge Institute of Technology|
|Department:||School of Health Science (Sektionen för hälsa)
School of Health Science S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
|Abstract:||To review the literature on how implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease.
Material and Methods
A search of PubMed and The Cochrane Library of the Cochrane Collaboration (CENTRAL) as well as a hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to March 2010 were included.
Thirteen studies were selected for the review. Human studies: To date, few studies have investigated if such differences occur. Limited data suggest that smooth surfaces may be less affected by peri-implantitis than rough surface implants. Animal studies: In ligature-induced peri-implantitis studies, no difference between surfaces has been reported. In a spontaneous progression model of peri-implantitis, there was a suggestion that the progression was more pronounced at implants with a porous anodized surface.
The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on how implant surfaces influence peri-implant disease. Based on the limited data available, there is no evidence that implant surface characteristics can have a significant effect on the initiation of peri-implantitis.