Planning approaches for rurban areas: Case studies from Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Anne Busck, Marjan Hidding, Soren Kristensen, Christer Persson, Soren Praestholm
Title: Planning approaches for rurban areas: Case studies from Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands
Journal: Geografisk Tidskrift - Danish Journal of Geography
Year: 2009
Volume: 109
Issue: 1
Pagination: 15-32
ISSN: 0016-7223
ISI number: 000267650200003
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Planning and Media Design (Sektionen för planering och mediedesign)
School of Planning and Media Design S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Language: English
Abstract: Urban growth and sprawl have long put pressure on rural areas, leading to a growing zone of 'rurban areas' where a multitude of functions, urban or rural, compete for land The development is acknowlecked in European spatial planning documents, which also recomment common solutions. E.g. the spatial policy discussed and recommended in the European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP) emphasises the compact city concept, rural-urban linkages and conservation of nature and cultural heritage. This paper compares planning practice for rurban areas in three cases: Roskilde municipality (Denmark), Staffanstorp municipality (Sweden) and Werv-area (the Netherlands). All three areas belong to the rurban zone and are selected to exemplify pro-active planing. The analysis focuses on how the concept of compact city is Perceived and implemented, how rurban areas are managed in order to avoid further urban encroachment, and how resilient green landscapes are ensured. The results reveal significant differences in approaches, reflecting variations in the public involvement in rurban areas development, the role of different administrative levels and the use of zonation. Variation in the use of zonation encapsulates important differences between the cases: pre-zonation based on local discretion (Sweden), zonation based on national legislation and principles with little room of manoeuvre for the municipality (Denmark) and post-zonation with deliberate introduction of urban elements in rural areas and negotiations between stakeholders (the Netherlands).
Subject: Spatial Planning\Social Planning
Spatial Planning\Local Planning
Keywords: Urban sprawl, rurban planning, EU physical planning principles, planning practice