Ambiguities, Awareness and Economy: A Study of Emergency Service Work

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Mårten Pettersson, Dave Randall, Bo Helgeson
Title: Ambiguities, Awareness and Economy: A Study of Emergency Service Work
Conference name: The eight Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2002)
Year: 2002
Pagination: 286-295
Publisher: ACM Press
City: New Orleans, USA
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology (Institutionen för arbetsvetenskap och medieteknik)
Dept. of Human Work Science and Media Techn., S-372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
http://www.iar.bth.se/
Authors e-mail: marten.pettersson@bth.se, d.randall@mmu.ac.uk, bo.helgeson@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: This paper derives from a study undertaken at an emergency service centre in Sweden. The studies have focused on fea-tures of work familiar to the CSCW community, including the documenting and analysing current work practices, un-derstanding the properties of the technology in question, and perhaps most importantly how the technology func-tions in and through use. Our focus in this paper exempli-fies these themes through the analysis of two cases. In the first, the issue in question is the way in which an emer-gency is identified and dealt with, it being the case that a typical problem to be dealt with by operators, and more commonly in the days of mobile telephony, is that of mul-tiple reporting of a single case. Of particular interest here is listening-in, which is a function in the Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) system and by contrast that of ?overhear-ing?, which is not. The second case focus on the relevance of wall maps, given the existence of computerized maps in these centres. Based on two cases from emergency service centres, we will show that the concept of awareness needs careful unpacking if we are to understand associated design issues.
Subject: Human Work Science\Computer Supported Cooperative Work
Human Work Science\Work Practice
Keywords: Awareness, Coordination, Computer Aided Dispatch, Time-critical work, Centers of coordination, Command and Con-trol, Control rooms, Workplace study, Ethnography
Note: Accepted November 16-20, 2002 New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
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