Feeling hindered by health problems at age of 60 and above

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Cecilia Fagerström, Helen Persson
Title: Feeling hindered by health problems at age of 60 and above
Conference name: International Nursing Research Conference
Year: 2008
City: Jerusalem
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Health Science (Sektionen för hälsa)
School of Health Science S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail: cfa@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: Reduced capacity to perform activities in daily living (ADL capacity) is not the only thing significant for people and their life satisfaction, the importance people attach to being able to perform a specific activity is also crucial. Personal interests may have an impact on the importance of an activity. The ADL scale provides information about functional impairment, but it provides no understanding of the time or effort it takes to perform a certain activity or if a specific individual has to give up valuable activities. More knowledge is therefore needed about what makes people to feel hindered by their health problems in daily living. The aim of this study was to investigate how people (n=958) aged 60–96 years feel hindered in daily living in relation to their ADL capacity, health problems, social and financial resources, sense of coherence, and life satisfaction. The data is taken from a questionnaire and a medical examination which were carried out in a baseline survey in one of the four including centres (Blekinge) of the longitudinal multi-centre cohort study The Swedish National study on Ageing and Care (SNAC). Response rate was 61%. Data indicated that in people with preserved ADL capacity, feeling hindered in daily living meant, above all, fatigue. At the same time, for people with impaired ADL capacity, feeling insecure about available help and about going outdoors were factors that contributed to people feeling hindered by health problems. Accordingly, when nurses, as well as other health professionals, plan to carry out interventions for preventive and rehabilitative purposes, as well as when making follow ups as ADL capacity declines, they should be aware of the fact that different factors are associated with the feeling of being hindered in daily life in people with or without impaired ADL capacity.
Subject: Nursing & Caring Sciences\General