Heat Load Reductions and Their Effect on Energy Consumption

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Christian Johansson, Fredrik Wernstedt
Title: Heat Load Reductions and Their Effect on Energy Consumption
Translated title: Laststyrning och dess effekt på energiförbrukning
Conference name: 12th International Symposium on District Heating and Cooling
Year: 2010
City: Tallinn, Estonia
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Computing (Sektionen för datavetenskap och kommunikation)
School of Computing S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail: chj@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: In this paper we investigate the consequences of using temporary heat load reductions on consumer substations, from the perspective of the individual consumer as well as the district heating company. The reason for using such reductions are normally to save energy at the consumer side, but the ability to control the heat load also lie at the core of more complex control processes such as Demand Side Management (DMS) and Load Control (LC) within district heating systems. The purpose of this paper is to study the way different types of heat load reductions impact on the energy usage as well as on the indoor climate in the
individual buildings. We have performed a series of experiments in which we have equipped multi-apartment buildings with wireless indoor temperature sensors and a novel type of load control equipment, which gives us the ability to perform remotely
supervised and coordinated heat load reductions among these buildings. The results show that a substantial lowering of the heat load and energy usage during periods of reductions is possible without jeopardizing the indoor climate, although we show that there are differences in the implications when considering different types of heat load reductions.
Summary in Swedish: Denna artikel undersöker effekterna av att använda tillfälliga laststyrningar i fjärrvärmecentraler. Studien fokuserar både på effekterna ur aspekter relaterade till såväl enskilda konsumenter som fjärrvärmeföretag.
Subject: Computer Science\Distributed Computing
Keywords: District heating, heat load reductions, energy