Relationships between physical activity and perceived qualities of life in old age. Results of the SNAC study

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Mikael Rennemark, Magnus Lindwall, Anders Halling, Johan Berglund
Title: Relationships between physical activity and perceived qualities of life in old age. Results of the SNAC study
Journal: Aging & Mental Health
Year: 2009
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Pagination: 1-8
ISSN: 1360-7863
Publisher: Routledge
URI/DOI: 10.1080/13607860802154416
ISI number: 000265389000001
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Health Science (Sektionen för hälsa)
School of Health Science S-371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:
Language: English
Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships of different types of quality of life to strenuous and light physical activity in old age.

Methods: The Swedish SNAC-Blekinge baseline database, consisting of data on 585 men and 817 women 60-96 years of age, was utilized. The independent variables were light and strenuous physical activity. Four dependent variables concerned with various quality of life components were employed (well-being, engagement, emotional support and social anchorage). Age, gender, functional ability and co-morbidity were included as possible confounders. Non-parametric bivariate and multivariate statistical tests were performed.

Results: Correlations suggested there to generally be a positive relationship between physical activity and quality of life. Multivariate logistic regression analyses controlling for possible confounders showed light physical activity to increase the odds of experiencing well-being, engagement and social anchorage, whereas strenuous physical activity increased the odds of experiencing engagement and emotional support. Thus, light physical activity and strenuous physical activity differed in their relation to quality of life generally.

Conclusions: The results indicate that physical activity has a salutogenic effect by enhancing the quality of life, and it can be assumed to be connected to quality of life by generating pleasure and relaxation.
Subject: Public Health\General
Medical Sciences
Keywords: physical activity, aging, quality of life