University spin-offs in Sweden – a longitudinal study

Document type: Journal Articles
Article type: Original article
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Marie Löwegren, Lars Bengtsson
Title: University spin-offs in Sweden – a longitudinal study
Translated title: Universitetsavknoppningar i Sverige - en longitudinell studie
Journal: Industry and Higher Education
Year: 2010
Volume: 24
Issue: 3
Pagination: 219-225
ISSN: 0950-4222
Publisher: IP Publishing Ltd
URI/DOI: 10.5367/000000010791657491
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Management (Sektionen för management)
School of Management S- 371 79 Karlskrona
+46 455 38 50 00
http://www.bth.se/mam/
Authors e-mail: lars.bengtsson@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: There have been few studies on the long-term performance of university spin-offs (USOs). This paper builds on previous empirical research into the performance of USOs and on the resource-based model of USOs. Several research issues are addressed including, in particular, the long-term performance of Swedish USOs, the distribution of the main types of business, the extent to which USOs have been in contact with support organizations, and by how much the potential growth of USOs has been achieved by the dissemination of technological knowledge to other businesses through patents, licences and other activities of the founder of the USO. The results of studies of 25 Swedish USOs, all started between 1962 and 1990 and with a median age of 25 years, confirm previous research on USOs which experienced limited growth. The analysis indicates that most of the USOs usually operate as 'simple' types of business, such as consultancy services; and that 60% have been in contact with support organizations.
Summary in Swedish: Studien undersöker den långsiktiga överlevnaden och utvecklingen av svenska universitetsavknoppningar
Subject: Business Administration\Organization
Keywords: UNIVERSITY SPIN-OFFS; SPIN-OFF DEVELOPMENT; SPIN-OFF PERFORMANCE; KNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION; SWEDEN
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