Toward Anticipatory Agents

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Author(s): Bertil Ekdahl, Eric Astor, Paul Davidsson
Title: Toward Anticipatory Agents
Conference name: Intelligent agents : proceedings : ECAI-94, Workshop on Agent Theories, Architectures, and Languages, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, August 8-9, 1994
Year: 1995
Pagination: 191-202
ISBN: 3-540-58855-8 (Berlin)
Publisher: Springer
City: Berlin : New York
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: Dept. of Computer Science and Business Administration (Institutionen för datavetenskap och ekonomi)
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Language: English
Abstract: This paper presents a novel approach to the problem of designing autonomous agents that is based on the idea of anticipatory systems. An anticipatory system has a model of itself and of the relevantpart of its environment and will use this model to predict the future. The predictions are then utilised to determine the agent’s behaviour, i.e. it lets future states affect its present states. We argue that systems based on causal reasoning only, are too limited to serve as a proper base for designing autonomous agents. An anticipatory agent, on the other hand, will use reasoning from final cause to guide its current actions. We then discuss towhat extent an anticipatory agent can be constructed from computable functions and we conclude that this problem is best expressed and analysed in linguistic terms. This discussion points out howsuch an agent should be designed and results in a proposal of an appropriate architecture. However, as the meta-linguistic problems involved are very hard to solve, a simpler architecture is also proposed. This is also a hybrid architecture that synthesizes reactive behaviour and deliberative reasoning, which, we believe, still has its merits compared to previous approaches to the design of autonomous agents. Finally, we discuss introspection and reflection, and show that the underlying concepts are easy to comprehend in the context of anticipatory systems.
Subject: Computer Science\Artificial Intelligence
Keywords: computational linguistics, inference mechanisms, software agents