The guiding function of the object of work

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Berthel Sutter
Title: The guiding function of the object of work
Translated title: Konstruktion av ett arbetes objekt
Conference name: Fifth Congress of the International Society for Cultural Research and Activity Theory
Year: 2002
City: Amsterdam
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: Department of Human Work Science and Media Technology (Institutionen för arbetsvetenskap och medieteknik)
Dept. of Human Work Science and Media Techn., S-372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:
Language: English
Abstract: The paper explores how work activity gets its orientation. With the help of Ilyenkov´s conception of the dialectical unity of activity/object and Leontiev´s conception of activity as layered, I make an analysis of patient cases presented in a clinical heart conference. The aim is to find out how the motivating character of the object of work influences the aggregates of work actions. The empirical finding is that ? and how - the transformations of the object occur in phases, which are determined by the practical encounter with the designed and redesigned objects. In the discussion of the findings three themes are presented. First, what constitutes the object of coronary clinical work, and how to describe and analyze it. Second, as one of the social actors which contribute to the configurations of the object, the voices of the patients which are heard in the clinical work are taken into account as one determination of the object of work.. Finally the paper discusses the instructive character of the transformation of the object of work.
Summary in Swedish: Det díalektiska samspelet mellan arbetsverksamhet och arbetets objekt diskuteras utifrån ett verksamhetsteoretiskt perspektiv. Grunden för studien är en empirisk fallstudie av kranskärsldiagnostik.
Subject: Human Work Science\Work Practice
Human Work Science\Human Computer Interaction
Keywords: activity-theory, use of artifacts, object of work