Active Control of Machine-Tool Vibration in Cutting Operations in a General Lathe

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Linus Pettersson, Lars Håkansson, Ingvar Claesson, Sven Olsson
Title: Active Control of Machine-Tool Vibration in Cutting Operations in a General Lathe
Conference name: IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice
Year: 2001
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: Department of Telecommunications and Signal Processing (Institutionen för telekommunikation och signalbehandling)
Department of Telecommunications and Signal Processing S-372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail: lar@bth.se, lha@bth.se, icl@bth.se
Language: English
Abstract: In the general lathe the turning operation chatter or vibration is a frequent problem affecting the result of the machining, and, in particular, the surface finish. Tool
life is also influenced by vibration. Severe acoustic noise in the working environment frequently occurs as a result of dynamic motion between the cutting tool and the workpiece. These problems can be reduced by active control of machine-tool vibration.

In a general lathe the physical features and properties of an ctive control system usually limit their applicability. By using piezo ceramic actuators some constraints regarding the mechanical construction of the active tool holder can be circumvented.

An active control solution for a general lathe application has been developed. It is based on a standard industry tool holder with an embedded piezo ceramic actuator and an adaptive feedback controller. The adaptive controller is based on the well known filtered-x LMS-algorithm. It enables substantial reduction of the vibration level by up to 40 dB at 3.4 kHz.
Subject: Signal Processing\Active Noise and Vibration Control
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