Security Analysis of the Swedish Road User Charging System

Document type: Conference Papers
Peer reviewed: Yes
Full text:
Author(s): Bengt Carlsson, Martin Boldt
Title: Security Analysis of the Swedish Road User Charging System
Translated title: Hotanalys avseeende vägskattesystemet
Conference name: 15th World Congress on ITS
Year: 2008
City: New York
Organization: Blekinge Institute of Technology
Department: School of Engineering - Dept. of Systems and Software Engineering (Sektionen för teknik – avd. för programvarusystem)
School of Engineering S- 372 25 Ronneby
+46 455 38 50 00
Authors e-mail:,
Language: English
Abstract: A security analysis based on probabilities, consequences and costs resulted in a priority ranking for physical, logical and human threats for the proposed Swedish road user charging system using a smartcard solution. Countermeasures are described as top prioritized, highly prioritized, average prioritized and low prioritized and compared to operational errors. Logical countermeasures like encryption and local buffering are most cost efficient to implement and different human threats are most difficult to deal with. In the end a security solution based on dynamical safety mechanisms is suggested.
Summary in Swedish: Hotanalys på vägskattesystemet i Sverige.
Subject: Computer Science\Effects on Society
Computer Science\General
Computer Science\Electronic security
Keywords: Road user charges, security analysis, kilometer taxation