Digital Transmission and Radio Systems ET2434 (Old Code ET1310)
Course information

The course will be given in English.

The students need to have good understanding of Fourier Transforms, Sampling Theory, Random Processes and Probability Theory.

Course Level: D

Course Start Date Period 3

Text Book Simon Haykin, Digital Communications, Wiely, 1988

Responsible teacher and lecturer: Professor Abbas Mohammed.

Syllabus (Swedish)

Syllabus (English translation)
Course overview
The aim of this course is to develop a fundamental understanding of Digital Communications.
Major topics will include:
Detection Theory (representation of signals, optimal receivers, probability of error analysis)
Digital Modulation Techniques (generation, representation, spectral characteristics, performance in random noise)
Baseband shaping for data transmission (ISI, Nyquist Theory for zero ISI, eye pattern, equalisation)
Brief introduction to coding theory (source and channel coding, channel capacity)
Radio wave propagation, channel effects
Examples of Communication Systems and Emerging Technologies will be given.
Course material
Literature
 Digital Communications
Simon Haykin
Wiley, 1988, 597 pages
ISBN: 0471637750 Soft Cover, or 0471629472 Hard Cover  Laboratory experiment instructions
Reference literature:
 Ahlin Lars, Zander Jens
Digital radiokommunikationssystem och metoder
Studentlitteratur, 1992 418 s
ISBN 9144345518 (swedish)  Lars Ahlin, Jens Zander
Principles of Wireless Communications
Studentlitteratur, 1998, 418 pages
ISBN 9144007620  Lee William C
Mobile Cellular Telecommunications Systems
Mc GrawHill, 1989 449 s
ISBN 0071007903  John G. Proakis
Digital Communications
McGrawHill, 1995, 928 pages
ISBN 0070517266  Marvin K. Simon et al.
Digital Communications Techniques: Signal Design and Detection
Prentice Hall, 1995, 888 pages
ISBN 0132006103  Stephen G. Wilson
Digital Modulation and Coding
Prentice Hall, 1996, 677 pages
ISBN 0132100711  Alberto LeonGarcia
Probability and Random Processes for Electrical Engineering, 2nd edition
Addison Wesely, 1994, 677 pages
ISBN 020150037X
Laboratory Assignments
The labs are compulsory and must be attended by all students.
Send your name and partner's name plus personal numbers and email addresses to the lab instructor Zhe Yang (zhe.yang@bth.se) before 17 Feb. 2009.
Click here to visit and review the laboratory assignments in Digital Transmission
Hits and comments and introduction to the laboratory assignment will also be given in the class (chapter 3 & 7).
The labs will take place on the following dates: 11 March and 13 March 2009 in Karlskrona.
Deadlines of each assignment are listed in the Lab Instructions. It is required to submit your report before the corresponding deadline.
If you have any questions, please contact lab supervisor at zhe.yang@bth.se.
If necessary, more information will be given here, the class and it's learning.
Book marks
Lecture Details: Click here for full lecture details
Lecture Notes: Click here for main points and notes of lectures
Problems: Click here for selected Problems solution
Lecture Details
Lecture Notes. Main points and notes of lectures:
The schedule might be subject to minor changes
First Lecture: General discussion and main points regarding the course
Your questions and thoughts during this discussion are most welcome!
Introductory Reading:
Students should have a basic understanding of: Signals and systems, Fourier Transforms, Probability and random processes. For more information you should refer to the Appendix Section at the end of the book.
Introduction to the course
Introduction to Digital Communications (Chapter 1)
Review and Signals & their classifications
The Electromagnetic signals and spectrum
Block Diagram of a simplified Communication System
Why Digital Communications?
Tradeoffs in Communications System Design
Fourier Theory
Sampling Theory from communication engineers view
Definitions of Basic Terms and concepts
Formatting: more review of sampling, quantization and encoding (section 4.1, 4.5 and 5.1)
Definitions of Basic Terms and concepts: Characters, bit, symbol, etc.
Examples related to the definitions
Reading: Chapter 1, Chapter 4 pp.134142, and Chapter 5 pp.172178
Chapter 6: Baseband Shaping for Data Transmission
Baseband Shaping for Data Transmission / Chapter 6: Introduction
Discrete PAM Signals / Line Codes (Section 6.1)
Fourier Transform of Rectangular Pulses
Power Spectra of Discrete PAM Signals (Section 6.2)
Intersymbol Interference (Section 6.3)  Introduction
Model and Mathematical Treatment of ISI (Section 6.3)
Nyquist Criterion for zero ISI (Section 6.4)  Ideal Solution
Nyquist Criterion for zero ISI  Practical Solution
Correlative Coding (Section 6.5)
Eye Pattern (Section 6.6)
Solution to selected problems
Reading: Chapter 6
Chapter 3: Detection Theory
Detection Theory (Introduction of Chapter 3)
Mathematical Model of Digital Communication System (Section 3.1)
GramSchmidt Orthogonalization Procedure (Section 3.2)
Geometrical Interpretation of Signals (Section 3.3)
Response of Bank of Correlators to Noisy Input (section 3.4)
Mean, Variance and Covariance Properties (section 3.4)
Detection of Signals in Noise (section 3.5)
Maximumlikelihood Detector (section 3.5) + Correlation Receiver (section 3.7)
Probability of Error (section 3.6)
Union Bound (Section 3.6)
Match Filter Receiver (Section 3.8)
Reading: Chapter 3 (to page 99)
Chapter 7: Digital Modulation
Digital Modulation Formats (Section 7.1)
Binary Modulation Techniques (Section 7.2)  (BPSK: Error rate 7.2, PSD 7.7, BW efficiency 7.8)
Quadriphase Shift Keying  QPSK (Section 7.3)
Comparison Between Coherent Binary Modulation Techniques (Section 7.5)
Mary Modulation Techniques (Section 7.6)
Power Spectral Density Calculations (Section 7.7)
Bandwidth Efficiency (Section 7.8)
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (Section 7.6.2)
Noncoherent Modulation (Section 7.4& Section 3.9). Note that we will not cover the probability of error derivation for noncoherent modulation. However, we will work with the final results.
DPSK
Multipath propagation
Channel Capacity Theorem (Chapter 2)
Review and Comparisons of Digital Modulation Techniques
Reading: Chapter 7
Coding Theory
Brief introduction to Source Coding, Channel Capacity Theorem and Channel Coding (Linear Block Codes)
Reading: Chapter 2 (p.1328) and chapter 8 (p.365379)
The lecture notes for chapter 2 and 8 are on the lab webpage. Use the same password used in the labs. See also Lectures Summary below.
Review of course and solution to previous exams
Good Luck!
Lectures Summary
The recommended text book is your main source of material presented in this course. Please refer to it for detailed text explanation, figures, block diagrams, mathematical analysis, etc.
The notes below are highlights of main topics taken in the course. They are NOT a replacement for the text book. Most of the math was done on the whiteboard during the class.
General / Introduction:
Basic Introduction to Digital Communications / Signals & Systems
Why Digital Communications?
TradeOffs in Digital Communications?
Frequency Bands
Basic Digital Communication Definitions
Chapter 6
Line Codes
Binary (2level) Figure
4levels Figures
Intersymbol Interference
Intersymbol Interference (Mathematical Treatment)
Nyquist Criterion for Zero ISI
Correlative Coding I
Duobinary and Modified Duobinary Coding / Example
Eye Pattern (Diagram)
Scatter (Constellation) Diagram  Figure
Adaptive Equalization  Figure
Chapter 3
GramSchmidt Procedure / Example
Geometrical Representation of Signals
Basis Function Example for Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) (use similar procedure for QPSK)
Constellation (Scatter Diagra) / Signal Space
Correlator Output's Statistical Properties
Maximumlikelihood Detector
Decision Rules
Union Bound Calculations / 2 Signal Constellation
Match Filter Receiver /Example (see also the integrate & dump circuit on p. 91 and the match filter out put to rectangular pulse on p. 348 in the course textbook)
Match Filter Properties
Chapter 7
Modulation 1 / Modulation 2
Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK)
Binary Frequency Shift Keying (BFSK)
Binary Amplitude Shift Keying (BASK)
Quadrature Modulation / Power Spectral Density
QuadriPhase Shift Keying (QPSK)
Mary Digital Modulation Techniques
Power Spectra of Digital Modulation Techniques
Spectral Efficiency
Mary QAM
Noncoherent Modulation
DPSK
Channel Capacity (see also chapter 2, section 2.9)
Lecture Notes of Source/Channel Coding
1. Channel Coding (Lecture on 20080227)  Block codes
2. Source Coding (Lecture on 20080306)
Use the same password used in the labs.
See also the book and lab assignments before doing the lab.
Problems
Solution to Selected Problems:
Chapter 6
Problem P6.1.1 and P6.1.2
Problem P6.3.2
Problem P6.4.1
Problem P6.4.3
Problem P6.5.6
Chapter 3
Problem P3.2.1
Problem P3.5.1
Problem P3.5.2a (we will solve in the class next week after we take Digital Modulation; however, you can have a try to solve it)
Chapter 7
Problem P7.2.1
Problem P7.2.6
Problem P7.4.5
Old exams
The exam is on 19 March 2009  We will inform you if this will be changed.
Please have a look at the previous exams below:
Good Luck