Innovation System and Development
The projects listed can either be doctoral thesis, projects or research projects. In some cases the projects belong to more than one of the four main profile areas of the research division of TechnoScience Studies.
Understanding energy systems as innovation systems.
Understanding the role of the university in the national innovation system.
Tomas Kjellqvist, R&D&I project
Inspired by work done in the project Solar power to the people I started research with the aim to understand energy systems as innovation systems. The main finding from the previous project was that implementation of solar technology in the productive sector in African countries was due to the absence of an innovation system in the energy sector. The project had also identified that the innovation system on renewable energy sources was only emerging in Sweden. Thus it had been very difficult to identify possible partnerships for collaboration between Swedish companies and companies in East Africa.
I set out to design a research program on how energy systems could be understood with the concepts derived from theories on innovation. To make the connection I realized that I had to go to the roots of Systems theory and to understand the evolution of energy systems I needed to get a better grip on theories on evolutionary economics. As the transition to renewable energy requires solutions for a decentralized energy production in distributed systems I also needed to integrate methods dating back to the quantitative revolution in economic geography back in the 1960´s. The work on tying these different perspectives together is ongoing. The latest application of the perspective was to produce a concept note for the application of renewable energy in the Health sector in Mozambique., a project that we hope to start in late 2016.
As a part of my activities with the Swedish National Commission for Unesco, I wrote a small paper on the international dimension of Integrated Science. This paper was based on findings from my thesis work in 2012. This work has continued in 2015 by producing inputs to the Nordic preparations for the Unesco General Conference in November 2015. This new paper analyses the sustainable development goals and the Agenda 2030 and the implications for Unesco and its member countries as a partner in the implementation of the Agenda. One concrete example of this work is the production of inputs to the Unesco Biosphere program:
- Setting up an international network for research on biosphere areas, in line with the new strategy for the Unesco Man and Biosphere program 2015-2025.
- Initialization of the work on a research strategy for the Blekinge Arkipelag biosphere program
- Initialization of the work on a national research strategy for the Swedish Man and Biosphere program
- Research connected to Social Innovations and Social Enterprise within the Man and Biosphere program.
Business Incubation Systems as an integral development strategy for industrialization of Uganda
Joshua Mutambi, PhD, postdoc.
The main objective of the postdoctoral study is to investigate the level of collaboration and incubation practices of institutions, agencies and university programs to promote technology transfer, business start-ups and influencing sustainable business models. All this is in the context of emerging innovation systems and improving competitiveness. This is envisaged to inform the respective incubation institutions and policy processes and help in particular formulating relevant strategies and prospects of advancement (in terms of upgrading incubation environment and increased productivity regarding business development and competitiveness in Uganda) and growth of sustainable businesses.
Unlocking the Binding Constraints in Ugandas Innovation System
Julius Ecuru, PhD, postdoc
The post-doctoral work will continue exploring innovation systems in the development context in Uganda and east Africa. Many policy makers and politicians recognize how the potential role of science, technology and innovation could play in the economic development and wellbeing of their societies. However, the rhetoric is not adequately matched with allocation of resources to STI, and development of enabling policies. Uganda, for example does not have a clear policy for financing innovation, and struggles to find ways of promoting innovations and competitiveness in the country. The post-doctoral work, therefore, aims at assisting policy makers understand the dynamics of innovation systems, and hence assist them develop innovation policies that are responsive to the demands of growth and competitiveness.
Formation of clusters focusing generation of a co-evolution context of university and industry in Cochabamba region, Bolivia
Carlos Acevedo, PhD project
Main objective is to develop knowledge about Innovation Systems and clustering processes focusing on the generation of a co-evolution based context between the university-industry-government .
Specific objectives are to:
a) analyse national policies created to strengthen the National Innovation System.
b) analyse the SME cluster development taken place in the region of Cochabamba, Bolivia.
c) determine success mechanisms to make the innovation processes more dynamic in the co-evolution context between the university, firms and government.
Innovation processes within Bolivian cluster initiatives.
Wendy Sanzetenea, PhD project
The main objective is focused on analysing innovative processes within Bolivia cluster initiatives.
The specific objectives are formulated as follows:
- To study the existing cluster initiatives and the innovative processes generated.
- To analyse the role of the public university, its interactions with the government and productive sector in the cluster initiatives and also, other mechanism of knowledge creation to generate innovative processes.
- To analyse specific characteristics of development initiatives taken place in Bolivia.
Co-evolving Practices in Innovation System processes in East Africa and Bolivia.
Lena Trojer, R&D projects